The Department of Pathological Anatomy offers a Master of Science in Pathology (MS) and Doctoral (PhD) degrees through either

  • Pathobiology Area Program
    • Pathology and Anatomical Sciences focus
    • Integrative Anatomy focus
    • Translational Bioinformatics focus
  • Interdisciplinary Neuroscience Program

Our academic programs capitalize on the diverse strengths and resources of the Pathology and Anatomical Sciences faculty and provide students with the flexibility to achieve their individual goals. Please direct questions regarding the application process, deadlines, and material to the director of graduate studies.

All graduate programs, including both master’s and doctoral degrees in the Department of Pathological Anatomy are research-based. Thus, the selection of an appropriate graduate adviser is a critical part of the application procedure. All applicants are encouraged to contact potential advisers prior to applying to discuss opportunities for graduate study.


3-course (Vth semester)

Calendar-thematic plans:


Med-Bio (2018-2019)

Med-prof (2018-2019)

6 course calendar-thematic plan

  1. Methodological instruction on teaching the subject

Pathological anatomy provides students with theoretical knowledge, practical skills, pathological processes and diseases, as well as formulating the methodological approach and the scientific world.

The following requirements are met for students’ knowledge, skills and abilities.


– innovations discovered by scientists from the world and Uzbekistan in the field of pathological anatomy;

– history of pathological anatomy, its importance and methods of its study; – work with drugs, umummorphological and histochemical methods;

– general understanding of disease, classification and pathomorphosis of diseases;

– Have an idea about the analysis of biopsy and autopsy results;

– causes and mechanisms of development of pathological processes;

– to analyze the pathological changes of the cell at the level of light microscopy;

– The essence of morphofunctional changes in internal organs in various diseases;

– etiology, pathogenesis, morphogenesis, classification of diseases, morphological bases and their clinical and anatomical analysis;

– morphology of the umumpatological processes at each stage of the disease, the structural foundations of recovery processes, the ability to recognize and use the consequences of the disease;

– Identification and differentiation of pathological process and its types at microscopic level;

– have practical skills in determining pathological process at macroscopic level.

  1. Classroom exercises

1- table


Topics for the lecture

The volume of lessons
1 Introduction to pathology. The concept of illness. Cell alteration and adaptation. Dystrophy, classification, morphogenetic mechanisms. Parenchymatous dystrophies. 2
2 Alteration of tissue and organs. Stroma vascular dystrophy. Mixed dystrophy. Dysfunction of chromoproteids, lipoproteids and nucleoproteids. 2
3 Mineral dystrophies. Necrosis: Types, Causes, Morphology. 2
4 Blood circulation disorder. Arterial and venous tenderness. Bleeding and blood transfusions. Thrombosis. Embolism. Shock. DIC syndrome. 2
5 Inflammation: acute and chronic inflammation, exudative, proliferative and specific inflammation. 2
6 Immunopathology. High sensitivity reactions. Autoimmune Diseases. Immunodeficitis. Amyloidosis. 2
7 Tumors: general concept. Epithelial organs specific tumors. 2
8 Mesenchymal tumors. Nerve and melanin formation tissue tumors. 2
9 Anemia. Leykoz. 2
10 Atherosclerosis. Hypertension. 2
11 Heart ischemic disease. Cerebrovascular Diseases. Cardiomyopathy. 2
12 Lung diseases. Croupous pneumonia. Cornelian pneumonia. Acute respiratory distress syndrome. Obstructive and Restrictive Diseases. Tumors. 2
13 Stomach Diseases: Gastritis. Stomach and duodenumand small bowel ulcers. Stomach cancer. Intestinal diseases. 2
14 Liver Diseases. Viral and alcohol hepatitis. Hepatitis: Toxic dystrophy of the liver. Liver cirrhosis. The liver’s cancer. 2
15 Kidney diseases. Developmental anomalies. Glomerulopathies.  Tubulointersticial diseases. Kidney tumors. 2
16 Infectious diseases. General Description of the Infection Process. Viral infections. ARVI, measles. Bacterial infections. Scarlatin, meningococcal infection. Intestinal infections: typhoid fever. Dysentery. Salmonellosis. 2
17 Very dangerous infections. Plague, cholera, anthrax, hemorrhagic liver. Tuberculosis, Epidemiology, pathogenesis, morphogenesis, classification. Morphology of primary, hematogenic and secondary tuberculosis. Syphilis. Sepsis. 2
18   Ecological pathology. Nutritional disorders. Occupational diseases.
TOTAL 36hours

Classroom workshops will be held to streamline academic groups in a multimedia classroom.

3.Practical exercises


Practical exercises The volume of lessons
1 Introduction to pathology. The science of pathological anatomy – its purpose, tasks, objects, methods and degree of control. General concept of illness. 3
2 Cell alteration and adaptation. Dystrophy, classification, morphogenetic mechanisms. Parenchymatous dystrophy: macro- and microscopic signs  classificationof gialin-dropping, hydrophilic and horn dystrophy, significance, consequences. 3
3 Stroma vascular dystrophy, classification, mucoid, fibrinoid scarring, gialinose and amyloidosis symptoms, their significance, effects. Mixed dystrophy, classification, endo and exogenous pigmentation, their importance in medicine. Haemosiderosis, melanosis, morphology of lipophosphine. Bilirubin metabolism disorder, morphological description of jaundice. 3
4 Mineral dystrophy, calcinosis, three forms of morphology, morphology. Urine,and biliary stones  varieties. Necrosis, rules, forms, macro- and microscopic signs, clinical-morphological appearance; peculiarity of gangrene and infarcts. 3
5 Arterial venous meningitis, causes, forms, morphological symptoms. Morphology of acute and chronic venous dysfunction in the layers and small circulation. “Nutmeg like liver”, morphology of “brown lung induction”, importance. Bleeding and blood flow, syllable, types, importance. 3
6 Thrombosis morphology, developmental mechanism, good and bad effects, thrombophlebitis, phlebotrombosis. Peculiarity of embolism, types: embryos, oily, cane, gas, microbial, tissue, and thromboembolism. Thromboembolosis of lung artery, acute lung heart. DIC syndrome morphology. 3
7 Inflammation-definition, classification, local and general symptoms. Acute inflammation. Clinical-morphological features of serous, fibrinous (krupoz, diphtheria), purulent (flegmona, abscess, empyema), decay, hemorrhagic and mixed inflammation. 3
8 Chronic inflammation, causes, three forms of productive inflammation. Morphology of the specific and nonspecific inflammatory infections. Fibrosis-sclerosis-cirrhosis concepts in general pathology. 3
9  Immune system diseases. Association of HLA and its Diseases. Hypersensibility. Autoimmune Diseases. Immune deficiency syndromes. Amyloidosis. 3
10 Regeneration: circuits, morphogenesis, species, significance. Pathology of complete, incomplete and pathological regeneration. Morphology of primary and secondary ulcerations of ulcers. Atrophy, Definition, Types, Clinical-Morphological Symptoms. Hypertrophy, definitions, mechanisms, types, clinical-morphological features. Symptoms of heart decompensated hypertrophy. 3
11 Neoplasia. The molecular basis of carcinogenesis. Tissue growth biology: benign and malignant tumors. Interactions with carcinogenic agents and their cells. Tuberculosis clinical features. Influence of tumor on the body. Epithelial Organ Transplantation. Papilloma, adenoma and glandular polyps. Tissue dysplasia and “cancer in place”, “carcinoma in situ”, clinical-morphological definition of high and low-differentiated tumors. 3
12 Mesenchymal tumors: clinico-morphological features of Mesenchymalsafe and dangerous tumors. Peculiarity of soft tissue tumors. Nevus species. Macros and microscopic differences of nevus and melanoma. Neuromuscular Tumors: neuroctodermal and amyocular tumors. 3
13 Anemia. Classification. Iron Deficiency, Vit. 12 Deficiency anemia: Morphological changes in the blood, gastrointestinal tract, liver. Lacemakers: Definition, types of blood, changes in blood, and blood glucose. Acute and chronic leukocytes. Modern diagnosis, periodicity, clinical-morphological definition, complications, signs of age, causes of death. 3
14 Atherosclerosis and arteriosclerosis. Morphological description and circuits of atherosclerosis. Clinical-morphological forms and complications of the disease. Hypertension: pathogenesis, morphological changes in the heart, vessels of the disease. Cardiac ischemic disease, definition and classification. Morphology, complications of acute, recurrent and recurrent myocardial infarction. Chronic ischemic heart disease: clinical-morphological symptoms, complications and consequences. 3
15 Cerebrovascular Diseases: Clinical-morphological Diseases. Ischemic entephalopathy, infarction, brain transfusions. Rheumatism: classification, pathogenic and morphogenesis, morphology. Endocarditis, myocarditis, pericarditis and pancarditis: clinical and morphological description, complications and effects. Rheumatic heart defects. 3
16 Lung diseases. Croupous pneumonia – etiology, pathogenesis, clinico-morphological features, developmental periods, complications and consequences. Chestnut pneumonia (bronchopneumonia), morphological description, complications. 3
17 Obstructive and restorative diseases of lungs, etiology and epidemiology, classification. Chronic bronchitis, emphysema, pneumosclerosis, their classification, causes, pathogenesis, morphogenesis, morphological symptoms, complications and effects. Bronchials and lung tumors, distribution, classification, macro- and microscopic variants, histological types, clinical and morphological forms and complications. 3
18 Stomach Diseases: Gastritis, Forms. morphology Wound disease, pathogenesis, morphogenesis, developmental cycles. Macroscopic symptoms of acute and chronic sores. Their maternal and tranquility changes. Stomach cancer, macroscopic and histological forms, complications. Intestinal diseases: pseudomembranosuscolitis:, nonspecific ulcerative colitis; Crohn’s disease: etiology, pathogenesis, clinico-morphological symptoms, complications and effects. Appendicitis. Classification, epidemiology, etiology, pathogenesis, morphology, clinic and complications. 3
19 Liver Diseases: Classification, Definition. Viral and alcohol hepatitis, morphological symptoms, markers, consequences and complications. Hepatitis: Toxic hepatosis of the liver. Liver Cirrhosis: Pathomorphological Symptoms, Morphological Classification. Clinical-morphological signs and complications of important cirrhosis. Liver, causes, origin and histology of the liver. 3
20 Kidney Diseases: Glomerulopathy: Glomerulonephritis: classification, morphology, appearance and effects. Kidney amyloidosis, causes, pathogenesis, morphogenesis, morphology, clinical signs and consequences. 3
21 Tubulopathies. Acute necrosis, causes, pathogenesis, morphology of kidney canals. Pielonephritis. Etiology, pathogenesis, morphological symptoms, and consequences. Obstructive urinopathy. Kidney tumors. 3
22 Endocrine disorders, classification. Pituitary diseases. Thyroid disorders, hereditary species, morphology. Toxic morphology. Morphological signs of safe and dangerous tumors in the thyroid gland. Diabetes mellitus, morphological symptoms, complications, diabetic angiopathy, nephropathy, retinopathy, causes of death. 3
23 Diseases of the genitals. Male and female sexual organs diseases. Pregnancy and Postpartum Diseases. Morphological description of the placenta, polyps, sine endometritis and chorionepithelioma. 3
24 Infectious diseases: classification. General description of the infection process, infection pathways, primary infection complex. Viral Diseases: Species, pathological anatomy. Influenza morphology, complications. Measles. 3
25 Infant infections: Stroke, Scarlatina. Meningococcal infection. Etiology, pathogenesis, local and general pathomorphological changes, complications and causes of death. 3
26 Intestinal infections: Abdominal typhine, diarrhea. Salmonellosis. Etiology, pathogenesis, morphogenesis, pathologic anatomy, complications and effects. 3
27 Very dangerous infections: types, the activity of physicians. Epilepsy, epidemiology, distribution, clinical-morphological symptoms, complications and consequences of the disease. Anthrax, epidemiology, clinical-morphologic definition, complications and consequences. 3
28 Tuberculosis – Tuberculosis, Epidemiology, Ethiology, Pathomorphogenesis, Types, Primary, Hematogenic tuberculosis morphology. Secondary tuberculosis, forms, complications and causes of death. Morphology, classification, periodicity. 3
29 Sepsis is a specific infection. Different from other infections, types. Septicemia, septicopiemia, bacterial endocarditis morphology. Modern patogenesis and pathomorphism of sepsis. 3
30 Fungal diseases. Parasitic Diseases: Malaria, echinococcosis, amebiasis. Ecological pathology. 3

Practical training is carried out separately in each academic group in a multimedia classroom. Classes are taught using active and interactive methods, using “Case-study” technology, the content of the keys is determined by the teacher. The exhibition materials and information are transmitted through multimedia content.


4.Independent education


Independent educational topics The volume of lessons
1 Introduction to nosology. 2
2 Cellular pathology. 2
3 Necrosis and apoptosis. 2
4 Microelementozes. 4
5 Disease defects. 4
6 Tanatogenesis and Tanatology. 2
7 Diseases of the granulomatous. 4
8 Primary immunity. 2
9 Molecular-genetic basis of carcinogenesis. 2
10 Peripheral lymphoid tissue tumors. 2
11 Teratomas. Mesenximhomas. 2
12 The congenital anomaly of the lungs. 2
13 Kaposi’s sarcoma 2
14 Etiology and pathogenesis of stomach ulcer. 2
15 Gastrointestinal anomalies. 2
16 Random Heart Mortality Syndrome. 2
17 Congenital anomalies of the liver and bile duct. 2
18 Gallstone disease. 1
19 Kidney stone disease. 1
20 Diseases of the perinatal period 2
21 Baby delivery traumas. 4
22 Stroke infections. 2
23 Pathogenesis of infectious diseases. 2
24 Cytomegalovirus infection. 2
25 Sepsis. Pathogenesis, pathomorphism and modern classification. 2
26 Degenerative musculoskeletal disorders. 2
34 Neurofibromatosis. 2
35 Prion Diseases. 2

Students prepare essays on self-study topics and make presentations.

No course work on the subject.

5.Criteria for evaluating and controlling science knowledge.

Approach methods Express Tests, Written Works, Oral Requests, Presentations
Assessment criteria 86-100 points “excellent”

– To fully master theoretical and methodological concepts;

– To have creative thinking in the analysis of indicators;

– Self-examination of pathologic processes and diseases;

– Determine the causes of pathologic processes and diseases and hazardous factors;

– to have a vision about the pathogenesis and morphogenesis of the pathologic processes and pathology involved;

– to have a vision about the consequences and complications of pathologic processes and diseases;

71-85 points “good

– Self-examination of pathologic processes and diseases;

accurately reflect the results of the analysis;

– Have a look at the pathological processes and the causes of the illnesses and the hazards involved;

– to have a vision about the pathogenesis and morphogenesis of the pathologic processes and pathology involved;

– to have a vision about the consequences and complications of pathologic processes and diseases;

55-71 points “satisfying”

– Have a look at the pathological processes and the causes of the illnesses and the hazards involved;

– to have a vision about the pathogenesis and morphogenesis of the pathologic processes and pathology involved;

– to have a vision about the consequences and complications of pathologic processes and diseases;

0-54 points “unsatisfactory”

– Do not know the theoretical and methodological foundations of the subject;

– lack of perception of pathological processes and disease analysis;

– Absence of morphological methods in pathological processes and diseases.

  Types of evaluation rating Max point Timing of time
Current control 50  
The activity of the lecture in the exercises is to regularly conduct a lecture  


During the term
Timely and qualitative performance of independent teaching assignments 20


For practical exercises, for answers to questions, and practical tasks 20


Intermediate control 20  
  The first intermediate oral examination (spoken by the lecturer). 10 10 weeks
  The second intermediate oral examination (spoken by the lecturer). 10 17 weeks
  Final control 30  

20 weeks

  Oral 30
  TOTAL 100