Gallstone disease is complicated by development:
a) acute pancreatitis;

b) mechanical jaundice;

c) ocular intestinal obstruction;

d) cholangitis;

e) all the answers are correct.

For colic caused by cholecystolithiasis, it is characteristic;
1) intense pain in the right hypochondrium;

2) irradiation of pain in the right scapula;

3) Shchetkin’s symptom – Blumberg in the right hypochondrium;

4) a symptom of Ortner-Grekov;

5) high temperature.

For the clinic of acute cholangitis is characteristic:
1) high temperature;

2) pain in the right hypochondrium;

3) jaundice;

4) shingles;

5) unstable liquid stool.

The symptom of Courvoisier is typical for the following diseases:
1) chronic calculous cholecystitis;

2) cancer of the head of the pancreas;

3) acute pancreatitis;

4) tumors of the large duodenal papilla;

5) cirrhosis of the liver.

Stone formation in the gallbladder is facilitated by:
1) infection;

2) stasis of bile in the bladder;

3) metabolic disturbances;

4) inflammatory processes in the gallbladder;

5) sex.

The optimal method for diagnosing uncomplicated cholelithiasis is:
a) retrograde cholangiopancreatography;

b) laparoscopy;

c) ultrasonography;

d) transhepatic cholangiography;

e) duodenal sounding.

To clarify the nature of jaundice and the cause of its occurrence, it is necessary to produce:
1) radiography of the subhepatic space;

2) infusion cholecystocholangiography;

3) magnetic resonance imaging;

4) endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography;

5) ultrasonography.

With a view to preparing a patient with a prolonged jaundice of cholelithiasis and phenomena of hepatic renal failure, it is most expedient to perform the operation:
1) laparoscopic cholecystostomy;

2) endoscopic papillotomy;

3) percutaneous transhepatic drainage of the hepatic-bile duct;

4) detoxification therapy;

5) endoscopic papillotomy with lithoextraction and nasopharyngeal drainage.

If any part of the hepatobiliary system is affected, Courvoisier syndrome may occur:
1) cancer of the head of the pancreas;

2) cancer of the common bile duct;

3) cancer of the common hepatic duct;

4) cancer of the large duodenal papilla;

5) cancer of the body of the pancreas.

Which of the complications of cholelithiasis requires urgent surgery?
a) diffuse peritonitis;

6) cicatrical stricture of the bile duct;

c) choledocholithiasis;

d) intestinal cystic fistula;

e) jaundice.

Tests with two or more correct answers.

The appearance of bloody vomiting and liquid black stool in the patient may be due to:
a) chronic gastritis

b) ulcer of duodenum

c) varicose veins of the esophagus

d) administration of bismuth preparations

e) Mallory-Weiss syndrome

e) irritable bowel syndrome

What are the 3 main factors in the development of peptic ulcer disease?
a) neuropsychic overstrain

b) impaired cholesterol metabolism

c) chronic gastritis and duodenitis

d) lack of hygiene

e) disturbance of the rhythm of nutrition

Name 3 main sites of localization of a peptic ulcer in the stomach:
a) on small curvature

b) in the antrum department

c) on the sphincter

d) in a bulb

e) in the cardiac department

f) in the basement

Specify 3 characteristic symptoms for a duodenal ulcer?
a) constipation

b) Heartburn

c) night pains

d) diarrhea

e) pains on an empty stomach

Name 3 characteristics of pain in ulcers of the duodenum:
a) strengthening at night

b) strengthening on an empty stomach

c) strengthening immediately after a meal

d) seasonality

e) seasonality is not typical

e) has no connection with food intake

Name the 3 basic x-rays of ulcer symptoms:
a) enhanced barium evacuation

b) cicatricial deformity

c) hypersecretion for an abscess

d) niche symptom

e) there is no correct answer

Specify 3 main measures for ulcerous bleeding from the stomach:
a) glucocorticoids

b) Ethazylate sodium

c) aminopaprinku

d) vitamins

e) cytostatics

e) peace

Name 3 main diagnostic methods for peptic ulcer disease:

b) Radiological

c) Coproscopy

d) ultrasound of the liver

e) analysis of gastric juice

f) sigmoidoscopy

Name 3 groups of antiscorbutics used to treat peptic ulcer disease:
a) antibiotics

b) H2 histamine blockers

c) gastrin receptor blockers

d) antiviral drugs

e) sulfonamides

e) M cholinoblockers

3 morphological forms of gastritis:
a) Polyposis

b) Chronic

c) Hypertrophic

d) Hemorrhagic

e) The hereditary

e) acute

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